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Baltic Sea region transitioning into eco-friendly autonomous last mile public transportation

The project ended on 31st December 2020.

Public transport is not as flexible and accessible as private cars are in the Baltic Sea region. The project works towards increasing the attractiveness of public transport by improving offered services and introducing automated driverless electric minibuses, especially for the first and last mile of the journey. It proposes recommendations for environmentally friendly and smart automated public transport and guidelines on the organisational set-up.

Priority 3 - Sustainable transport, Environmentally friendly urban mobility. Project budget EUR 3.7 M€

Project results

Sohjoa Baltic's The Roadmap to Automated Electric Shuttles in Public Transport publication series provides collected key lessons learned during the project (2017-2020).

Each of five volume in this series has its own focal point:

  1. The Legal Framework (PDF), publisher: What is the current legal status of automated driving in different European countries of the Baltic Sea Region? Sohjoa Baltic presents the relevant legal information for implementation and provides policy recommendations for the future.
  2. Technology and safety requirements, publisher: Metropolia UAS What are the current relevant technological and safety challenges to be taken into consideration in the implementation of automated shuttle buses? Sohjoa Baltic provides information from Germany, Denmark, Poland, Norway, Finland, Sweden, Estonia, and Latvia.
  3. Starting Your Own Pilot (PDF), publisher: Metropolia UAS How to deploy an automated vehicle pilot in a city? Sohjoa Baltic provides a practical toolkit with recommendations based on the practical experiences from automated shuttle bus pilots in Norway, Poland, Finland, Estonia, Latvia and Denmark.
  4. Procurement Challenges, publisher: Metropolia UAS What are the barriers and enablers of autonomous vehicle procurement in public transportation? The experiences of Sohjoa Baltic’s automated shuttle bus pilots in Estonia, Denmark, Finland, Latvia, Norway and Poland describe the complexity.
  5. Sohjoa Baltic User experience and impact on public transport, publisher: Metropolia UAS How and why should cities prepare to implement automated public transport? What is the role of automated shuttle buses? Sohjoa Baltic provides views based on experiences from pilots in Norway, Poland, Finland and Estonia.

Project partners

  • Metropolia University of Applied Sciences (FI), lead partner
  • Forum Virium Helsinki (FI)
  • Finnish Transport Safety Agency (FI)
  • Helsinki Region Transport Authority HSL (FI)
  • FLOU Solutions Ltd (FI)
  • Tallinn University of Technology (EE)
  • Tallinn Transport Department (EE)
  • Chalmers University of Technology (SE)
  • Zemgale Planning Region (LV)
  • Institute fro Climate Protection, Energy and Mobility (DE)
  • The City of Gdansk (PL)
  • The Municipality of Kongsberg (NO)
  • The Municipality of Vejle (DK)


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